Are There Different Types Of Malocclusion?

Are There Different Types Of Malocclusion?The short answer is yes, there are different types of malocclusion. Each of the different types of malocclusion may require different types of treatment. The word, “malocclusion,” has two parts: occlusion refers to the position of the teeth when the jaw is closed, and ‘mal’ is a prefix meaning ‘bad’ or ‘wrong.’ People with normal occlusion have a bite with molars that match with each set of teeth fit the grooves of the molars of the other set. Malocclusion is bad positioning of the biting surfaces of the upper and lower teeth when the jaw is closed. A bad bite can lead to crooked, crowded, or protruding teeth, gum problems, temporomandibular joint disorder (commonly known as TMJ), and chronic headaches. 

Types Of Malocclusion

  • Upper protrusion, also known as an overjet is an upper protrusion where the upper front teeth are pushed outward. Pacifier use or thumb-sucking can sometimes cause this by pushing the teeth forward.
  • An open bite is when the molars fit together in a person who has an open bite, but the upper and lower front teeth do not overlap.
  • An overbite is when the upper front teeth reach overlap far over the lower front teeth. In severe cases, it can cause the lower teeth to bite into the roof of the mouth.
  • An underbite is present when the lower front teeth are farther forward than the upper front teeth.
  • A cross bite occurs when any or all of the upper teeth fit into the wrong side of the lower teeth.
  • Spacing or crowding problems can be problematic for a smile by leaving too much or too little room for the teeth. Crowding can prevent permanent teeth from coming in properly or at all, which can lead to teeth staying impacted in the gums.

Different types of malocclusion may require different treatments.

Dr. Cabal can help you understand if malocclusion affects your smile. To schedule your consultation by calling our office in Ft. Worth, TX, at (817) 236-7846. We proudly serve patients who live in White Settlement, North Ft. Worth, Springtown, Rome, Haslet, Azle, Saginaw, and all surrounding communities.